FHFA Statement on Freddie Mac “Refinance” Story RE Betting Against American Homeowners

FHFA Statement on Freddie Mac Refinance Story

A ProPublica–NPR news story today suggested that a mortgage financing vehicle utilized by Freddie Mac may be preventing homeowners from refinancing. While FHFA does not typically comment on its supervisory activities, the circumstances here require some clarification.

Freddie Mac has historically used the structuring of Collateralized Mortgage Obligations (CMOs) as a tool to manage its retained portfolio and to address issues associated with security performance. A particular CMO structure employed by Freddie Mac resulted in the creation of “inverse floaters.” This particular CMO structure was used to finance mortgages being sold to Freddie Mac through its cash window (typically used by smaller loan originators) and to sell mortgages out of Freddie Mac’s own portfolio in response to market demand and to shrink its own portfolio. Essentially, the inverse floater leaves Freddie Mac with a portion of the risk exposure it would have had if it simply held the entire set of mortgages on its balance sheet. The CMO structuring activity results in some portion of the mortgage cash flows being sold off and a smaller amount needing to be financed by Freddie Mac with debt securities. It also results in a more complex financing structure that requires specialized risk management processes.

For several reasons, Freddie Mac’s retention of inverse floaters ceased earlier in 2011. Of Freddie Mac’s $650 billion retained portfolio, only $5 billion is held as inverse floaters. A further assessment later in 2011 by FHFA supervision staff identified concerns regarding the controls, including risk management, surrounding the inverse floaters. FHFA supervision staff informed Freddie Mac in December of its preliminary examination findings and FHFA and Freddie Mac agreed that these transactions would not resume pending completion of the examination work.

Freddie Mac’s retained portfolio investment in inverse floaters did not have any impact on the recent changes to the Home Affordable Refinance Program (HARP). In evaluating changes to HARP, FHFA specifically directed both Enterprises not to consider changes in their own investment income as part of the HARP evaluation process. FHFA and the Enterprises remain fully committed to the success of HARP as it is a valuable tool to lessen the Enterprises’ credit risk and provide assistance to borrowers seeking to refinance. Now that the HARP changes are in place, the refinance process is between borrowers and loan originators/servicers, not Freddie Mac.


The Federal Housing Finance Agency regulates Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the 12 Federal Home Loan Banks. These government-sponsored enterprises provide more than $5.7 trillion in funding for the U.S. mortgage markets and financial institutions.



3 Responses to “FHFA Statement on Freddie Mac “Refinance” Story RE Betting Against American Homeowners”
  1. Kenneth Pettingill says:

    It’s a shame. The bottom line might be that it’s time to restrict the investment community from betting on the homes of everyday Americans. Over 16000 homes are leveraged. If mine was one of those mortgages, I’d be marching to Washington to lament my disgust, that a taxpayer funded enterprise can on one hand, say it’s trying to refinance troubled borrowers, while increasing the criteria (October 2011) for refinancing to a lower rate. The fact is the portfolio of high interest loans makes money and with Freddie already having sold off the principal to privatized investors (FHFA statement dated 1/31/2012) their risk is derived from how the investment performs. By tightening credit requirements for refinancing Freddie ensured the continuance of the pool and the associated income stream hedging its losses on portfolios that fail to perform

  2. Bill McAuliffe says:

    Oh the semantics. “Inverse Floater”; Sounds like a “Sinker” to me.

    • lvent says:

      Sounds like Austin Powers….that fat bastard left a floater! That is exactly what the fat cat bastard WORLD BANK/IMF/FEDERAL RESERVE/ WALL STREET DEBT CARTEL LEFT US….A BIG FAT DEBT BOMB FLOATER…..!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *